The VPC compiles violence statistics on Los Angeles County, California, and the United States.  These statistics are grouped by topic and are useful for members and those working in violence prevention whether developing a case for support, doing research, or organizing for advocacy.

Firearm-Related Violence

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In the 20 year span from 1994-2013,  a total of 23,094 Los Angeles County Residents lost their lives due to firearm-related injuries. In 2013, there were 269 suicides and 443 homicides due to firearms. In 2013, there were 269 suicides and 443 homicides due to firearms.[1]

During 2014, the hospitalization rate due to non-fatal firearm related injuries for black male residents of L.A. County between the ages of 10 to 44 was 10 times higher than the rate for their white counterparts. Hispanic male residents of L.A. County of the same age group were 2 times more likely to be hospitalized for non-fatal gun shot wounds than their white counterparts. [2]

Once all the direct and indirect medical, legal and societal costs are factored together, the annual cost of gun violence in America amounts to $100 billion.[3]

Compared with other high-income countries, the United States has a homicide rate 6.9 times higher, a difference driven almost exclusively by firearm homicide rates that are 19.5 times higher. [4]

Sources:

[1] Death statistical master file, California Dept of Health, Center for health statistics prepared by LAC-DPH-IVPP, June 2016.
[2]Hospitalization Data — Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development, Hospital Discharge Data; Population Data — Los Angeles County Urban Research, PEPS Data, 2014.
[3] Philip J. Cook and Jens Ludwig, Gun Violence: The Real Costs 115 (2000).
[4]Richardson, Erin G., and David Hemenway. “Homicide, suicide, and unintentional firearm fatality: comparing the United States with other high-income countries, 2003.” Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery 70.1 (2011): 238-243.

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Guns kept in homes are more likely to be involved in a fatal or nonfatal accidental shooting, criminal assault, or suicide attempt than to be used to injure or kill in self-defense. For every time a gun in the home was used in a self-defense or legally justifiable shooting, there were 4 unintentional shootings, 7 criminal assaults or homicides, and 11 attempted or completed suicides.[1]

Nine American women are shot and killed by their husbands and intimate partners every single week. [2]

Access to firearms increases the risk of intimate partner homicide five times more than in instances where there are no weapons.[3]

Abused women are five times more likely to be killed by their abuser if the abuser owns a firearm.[4]

Of females killed with a firearm, almost 2/3rds were killed by their intimate partners.[5]

Domestic violence has been found to be linked to more than half of the mass shootings committed in the U.S. between 2009 and 2013. In a case-by-case study of incidents of shootings of four or more people that took place during that time, more than half the time the perpetrator killed their former or current intimate partner, as well as others present, both in homes and in public.[6]

Family and intimate assaults with firearms are 12 times more likely to result in death than nonfirearm assaults. This research suggests that limiting access to guns will result in less lethal family and intimate assaults.[7]

Compared to homes without guns, the presence of guns in the home is associated with a 3-fold increased homicide risk within the home. The risk connected to gun ownership increases to 8-fold when the offender is an intimate partner or relative of the victim and is 20 times higher when previous domestic violence exists.[8]

Sources

[1]Kellermann, Arthur L.MD, MPH, et al. “Injuries and Deaths Due to Firearms in the Home.” Journal of Trauma, Injury, Infection, and Critical Care 45 (1998): 263-67.
[2]Violence Policy Center. 2013. When Men Murder Women: An Analysis of 2011 Homicide Data. Available online: http://www.vpc.org/domesticviolence.htm.
[3]J. C. Campbell, D; Webster, J; Koziol-McLain, C. R; et al. 2003. Risk Factors For Femicide in Abusive Relationships: Results From A Multi-Site Case Control Study. American Journal of Public Health. 93(7).
[4]Jacquelyn C. Campbell et al., Risk Factors for Femicide in Abusive Relationships: Results from a Multisite Case Control Study, 93 Am. J. Pub. Health 1089, 1092 (July 2003).
[5]When Men Murder Women: An Analysis of 2002 Homicide Data: Females Murdered by Males in Single Victim/Single Offender Incidents. 2004. Violence Policy Center. Washington, DC.
[6]Analysis of Recent Mass Shootings, Sept. 2013: Mayors Against Illegal Guns
[7]Saltzman LE, Mercy JA, O’Carroll PW, Rosenberg ML, Rhodes PH. Weapon involvement and injury outcomes in family and intimate assaults. Journal of the American Medical Association. 1992;267(22):3043-3047.
[8]Kellermann AL, Rivara FP, Rushforth NB, et al. Gun ownership as a risk factor for homicide in the home. New England Journal of Medicine. 1993;329(15):1084-1091.

Firearm-Related Suicide

In the U.S., there are an average of 55 firearm-related suicides per day.[1]

Firearms were used in 19,990 suicides in the U.S. in 2011 (10.2 per 100,000).[1]

62% of all gun deaths (32,351) are suicides.[1]

51% of all suicides (39,518) are committed with a firearm.[1]

The rate of firearm suicide in the U.S. is 5.8 times higher than other industrialized countries. [2]

In other high-income countries, firearms account for only 4.5% of all suicides.[3]

The main factor explaining differences in suicide rates across states is gun ownership.[4]

Levels of gun ownership are highly correlated with suicide rates across all age groups, even after controlling for lifetime major depression and serious suicidal thoughts.[5]

A gun in the home is associated with an increased risk of suicide, typically 2 to 10 times that in homes without guns, depending on the sample population (e.g., adolescents vs. older adults) and on the way in which the firearms were stored. Adolescent suicide is 4 times as likely in homes with a loaded, unlocked firearm as in homes where guns were stored unloaded and locked.[6]

75% of guns used in suicide attempts & unintentional injuries of 0-19 year olds were stored in residence of victim, family or friend.[7]

In 2012, there were 285 Firearm-Related Suicides in L.A. County [8]:

VPCSuicidePrevention9.9.14

Sources:
[1]NCHS Vital Statistics System for numbers of deaths – WISQARS
[2]Richardson, Erin G., and David Hemenway. “Homicide, suicide, and unintentional firearm fatality: comparing the United States with other high-income countries, 2003.” Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery 70.1 (2011): 238-243.
[3]World Health Organization. Preventing Suicide: A Global Imperative (2014).
[4]Miller, Matthew; Barber, Catherine; Azrael, Deborah; White R. .Firearms and suicide in the United States: is risk independent of underlying suicidal behavior?  American Journal of Epidemiology 2013.
[5]Hemenway, David; Miller, Matthew. The association of rates of household handgun ownership, lifetime major depression and serious suicidal thoughts with rates of suicide across US census regions. Injury Prevention. 2002; 8:313-16.
[6]Miller M, Hemenway D. The relationship between firearms and suicide: a review of the literature. Aggress Violent Behav 1999;4:59-75.
[7]David C. Grossman, Donald T. Reay & Stephanie A. Baker, Self-inflicted & Unintentional Firearm Injuries Among Children & Adolescents: The Source of the Firearm, 153 Archives Pediatric & Adolescent Med. 875 (Aug. 1999), at http://archpedi.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/short/153/8/875.
[8]CDPH Vital Statistics Death Statistical Master Files (http://epicenter.cdph.ca.gov)

Murder-Suicide & Mass Shootings in the U.S.

MJ

There were an estimated 1,382 murder-suicide deaths in 2011, and about 9 out of 10 involved a firearm.[1]

Sources:

[1]Violence Policy Center. American Roulette: Murder Suicide in the United States, 4th Edition (2012)